Sanctuary of Lord of Llanito

Iglesia de El Señor de Llanito

Introduction by Nicole Duran

Descriptions by Dr. Shelley Armitage

The shrine of El Señor del Llanito dates to the sixteenth century, and is located on the outskirts of Dolores Hidalgo, in the state of Guanajuato, Mexico. The image was mostly likely brought to the area by early missionaries that discovered the crucifix beneath a mesquite tree abandoned along the roadside in 1559. A historical local had it placed in the hacienda chapel. The hacendado donated the miraculous object to the villagers where it is venerated in the church built in 1778. A mural was painted in honor of the discovery of the first crucifix. He is also known as Our Lord the Saviour, Lord of the Afflicted Pilgrims. The major feast is celebrated on January 1st where a very large number of indigenous peoples from the groups of Otomis and Chichmecas dance in front of the church giving thanks for blessings received and miracles attributed to this veneration of Christ.

Ex-Voto Figure 1.

Lord of Llanito/El Señor del Llanito.

Anonymous, Mexico. 1912.

Oil on tin. 7 x 10 ¼”.  NMSU Art Gallery Collection # 1966.5.59.

Donor: Mr. C. Andrew Sutherland.

Description:

In the top third of the composition a young man kneels with a candle before an apparition of Our Lord of the Llanito thankful for release from a crime he did not commit. The man wears striped pants and a white shirt with his sombrero lying on the floor in front of him out of respect. He holds a long candle facing the apparition, the Lord of the Llanito’s ribs and muscles transparent, His head bent forward and crowned in gold. Areoles of flowers stretch from His knees to His nailed hands. The crucified Christ is surrounded by the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint John the Evangelist. Tones of brown and gray create a muted background against which the supplicant and Christ stand out. The text is written in white at the bottom of the composition against a darker brown background.

Transcription and Translation:

 [En el año de 1912 le hacontesio la desgrasia (…) el ber sido preso] [por un crime no ha probado. Y su hafligida (…) recu (…) el Señor del Llanito] [(…) hobro el milagro que en poco tiempo harreglo y en prueba de gratitud dedicamos este.]

In the year of 1912 the misfortune befell [him] (…) apprehended for a crime that has not been proven and his affliction… to the Lord of the Llanito (…) (…) the miracle that was quickly done (…) and in proof of gratitude we dedicate this [retablo]

Ex-Voto Figure 2.

Lord of Llanito/El Señor del Llanito.

Anonymous, Mexico. August 10, 1886.

Oil on tin. 5 x 3 ½”. NMSU Art Gallery Collection # 1968.3.86.

Donor: Dr. and Mrs. Andrew M. Babey.

Description:

This vertical composition contains four sections, the upper most with Lord of Llanito ascending in the sky buoyed by clouds in the ethereal sphere. The apparition wears a crown with its white rays radiating from the slumped head. In the earthly realm below the supplicant offers a candle in gratitude, a serape over his shoulder, his sombrero before him on the ground. In the event he is recounting, four horsemen surround him in the third section of the image, representing the circumstances of his capture; for as he explains in the text, he was falsely accused of a crime. The spiritual and earthly realms are clearly delineated not only in the relation of earth to sky but the colors of dark brown (backing the white lettered text) to the gray where the supplicant kneels, and finally to the blue sphere of the Christ.

Note: Even though the text relates to Our Lord of Llanito, the representation of the crucified Christ is different from that of the Llanito who is usually represented surrounded by garlands of flowers with or without The Virgin Mary and Saint John the Evangelist on the base of the crucifix.

Transcription and Translation:

[En El año de 1886 a 10 de Agosto se llebaron a Ja-] [lisco es cuerda y Sabas Lima lo encomendo al Señor del] [Llanito por un crimen que le lebantaron y corrigio su] [libertad y en accion de gracias de hun singular prodijio presenta este Retablo para (…)]

On August 10th during the year of 1886, they took him to Jalisco in bonds and Sabas Lima… He invoked the Lord of Llanito because he was falsely accused of a crime and He reestablished his freedom and in thanksgiving for… this singular prodigy he presents this retablo to…

Ex-Voto Figure 3.

Lord of Llanito/El Señor del Llanito.

Anonymous, Mexico. 1897.

Oil on tin. 7 x 10¼”.  NMSU Art Gallery Collection # 1966.5.35.

Donor: Mr. C. Andrew Sutherland.

Description:

The composition is divided between the upper section with El Señor del Llanito, a ship with passengers headed toward him, and the text below. Pedro Martinez offers his thanks for his family’s safety from the sinking boat. The text exists as if on solid ground and the sea and sky are seen above. In the upper left-hand side of the scene is the Lord of Llanito, his torso and dipped head surrounded by a string of flowers creating a border around the body. Below the cross, blue clouds seem to lift the body skyward. The approaching boat, in contrast, is steered on a darker sea, in contrast to the ethereal image of the Christ. On the boat the family expectantly looks upon the Christ. The text written in white over a brown band.

Transcription and Translation:

[En el año de l897 venia Pedro Martines con su familia][en un varco del Puerto de Veracruz y aconteció que como a las 11][de la noche del día 10 de Marzo del mismo año iva a naufragar la][enbarracion por lo que Martines y su familia hajandose en este con-][flicto llamaron en auxilio á la milagrosa imagen del Sr del Lanito][y no habiendo sucedido a nada la nuestra su gratitude con el presente]

In the year l897 Pedro Martines came with his family in a boat from Port Veracruz and it happened that around 11 at night on the tenth day of March of the same year, the ship was going to sink, so that Martines and his family seeing themselves in this difficulty called for help to the miraculous image of the Lord of Llanito and it having come to nothing he shows his gratitude with this.