Sanctuary of Our Lord of the Hospital

El Señor del Hospital

Introduction by Nicole Duran

Descriptions by Dr. Shelley Armitage

The new Parish of El Senor del Hospital or El Crito Negro, was finally completed in 1924, and is in Salamanca, Guanajuato, Mexico. The sculpture of the crucified Christ previously resided in a much smaller temple built in the sixteenth century, but the plans to construct a new shrine were finally made possible with the donations of Emeteria Valencia and Mrs. Cayetana Gasca among others. The church houses the image of a dark complexion Christ. The story tells on how Christ changed His white skin to dark to hide from those pursuing him. He finally, decided to stay in the Village Xidoo forever on a Holy Tuesday. The color remained, and many people congregate to the temple as a way of paying their respects.

Ex-Voto Figure 1.

Lord of the Hospital/El Señor del Hospital

Anonymous, Mexico, 1916.

Oil on tin. 5 x 7”. NMSU Art Gallery Collection #1966.5.76

Donor: Mr. C. Andrew Sutherland.

Description:

Kneeling by an elegant brown bed, the supplicant Francisca Cerrito in a green dress with complementary blue rebozo covering her head, holds forth a candle toward the apparition of the Christ on the cross. The elevation of the Christ, clouds below him, likewise raises the viewers’ eyes in honor and contemplation of the Lord. The dark-skinned Christ contrasts with the cross which is in outline, adding to theeffect of His power over illness and death. A brocade red cloth with golden trim wraps around the body of Christ from the waist to the knees. The figures are cast against a pale blue room so that they are distinct and primary. In a bottom panel, the text completes the composition.

Transcription and Translation:

[La Sra. Francisca Cerrito cumple su promesa dando las gracias] [al Sr del Hospital por aberle echo el milagro en dias de terrible] [afflición se vio muy grave de fiebre y no in] [contrando remedio se in] [comedó al Señor del Hospital recobró su alivio este echo memo] [rable fue en el año de 1916].

Mrs. Francisca Cerrito fulfill[s] her promise by giving thanks to the Lord of the Hospital because He made a miracle for her during terrible days of affliction. She was very ill with fever and not finding a remedy she invoked the Lord of the Hospital and her health was recovered. This memorable event was during the year of 1916.

Ex-Voto Figure 2.

Lord of the Hospital/El Señor del Hospital

Anonymous, Mexico. Nineteenth Century.

Oil on tin. 7 x 10”. NMSU Art Gallery Collection #1966.5.85.

Donor: Mr. C. Andrew Sutherland.

Description:

A very simple composition with two figures, a supplicant on the right facing Our Lord of Hospital, fills the composition with a narrowed white border at the bottom. The crucified black-skinned image of Jesus hangs from the cross, a crown of thorns on his head with heavenly rays emanating from the center of the cross behind his head. To the left, a peasant man kneels in a profile view with candle offering, his coat and hat respectfully on the floor. Text illegible.

Ex-Voto Figure 3.

Ex-voto: Lord of the Hospital/El Señor del Hospital

Anonymous, Mexico. April 18, 1899.

Oil on tin. 10 x 7¼”. NMSU Art Gallery Collection #1966.5.57.

Donor: Mr. C. Andrew Sutherland.

Description:

The Lord of the Hospital occupies the upper right- hand corner of the image, His head tilted in suffering.  The apparition is rimmed in corresponding black emphasizing the Christ figure against a background of light blue. His crown radiates with three beams of light against His dark face and body wrapped with white cloth. In the center of the composition is the figure of Porfiria Velis, head covered by a deep blue garment that covers her blouse and skirt. She kneels on a plain brown floor before the Lord, almost illuminated and seeming to emerge from the dark blue shadows to her right. She pledges to place this ex-voto in His church as he restored her to health.

Transcription and Translation:

[Porfiria Velis se vió gravemente emferma de] [una pierna; y no encontrando remedio que le aprobe-][chase, ofreció al Sr. del hospital de Salamanca; que pronto le pondria un retablo en su Igle][-cia cí le concedia su alibio. Lo concigió y preenta este. Abril 18 de 1899]

Porfiria Velis became seriously ill in her leg; not finding a useful remedy, she offered to the Lord of the hospital of Salamanca that soon she would place a retablo in his church if he restored her health. It was granted, and she present this. April 18, l899.