Sanctuary of Our Lord of the Mount

Parroquia Del Señor del Monte

Introduction by Nicole Duran

Descriptions by Dr. Shelley Armitage

The shrine of El Senor del Monte located in Jocotepec venerates the image of the Crucified Jesus Christ. The wooden cross is covered with a golden-shaped cross embellished with rays of light, establishing the saintly nature of the Lord. The ends of the cross are enhanced using curvature lines like flowers.  The sculpture of the Lord of the Mount in the Sanctuary shows him wearing a brocade crimson and gold sackcloth wrapped around his waist with a large bow standing horizontally on the right side of Jesus. Depending on the liturgical feast, the sackcloth can also be white with golden brocade. Pilgrims from all over Mexico congregate at the sanctuary to confirm their devotion and offer prayer. The story that surrounds the image of El Senor del Monte derives from an experience that took between 1833 and 1850 when an epidemic of cholera spread throughout the nation, and it is said, that when people prayed to reduce the lethal outbreaks, their prayers were answered. The celebration day of El Senor del Monte changes every year. On that day, festivities playout throughout the day beginning at dawn. Some of the religious rituals that take place involve gathering at Parish Church for “solemn juramento” (the renewing of vows dedicated to El Señor Del Monte), followed by an evening of mass. Religious activities are held throughout the day, one of which, is parading the image of El Señor del Monte around town as people process behind the image. To express their devotion, some people will choose to walk blindfolded, barefooted, or on their knees. The shrine of El Señor del Monte is considered one of the most popular pilgrimage sites that bring people together worldwide.

Ex-Voto Figure 1.

Lord of the Mount/El Señor del Monte 

Attributed to: Hipolito Bielmas G. Jocotepec, Jalisco. February 3, 1949.

Oil on tin. 7 x 8 ¾”. NMSU Art Gallery Collection #1966.5.144.

Donor: Mr. C. Andrew Sutherland.

Description:

El Señor del Monte hangs from the cross in the center of this composition, surrounded by a circular red orb, his body exuding golden rays. The spiritual light of his power is accentuated by repeated red rays streaming from the central orb; the style continues in a drape-like border highlighting the apparition.  Near the bottom of the composition, Soledad Nabarro, in black dress with lace over her head, kneels in gratitude for a favor. The forms of the Christ in light and the women in black contrast to emphasize the earthly and the spiritual. The text is included on the right side of Soledad in a square block.

Transcription and Translation:

[Soledad Nabarro] [da gracias al Sr. del Monte] [por un fabor concedido.] [Febrero, 3 de 1949] Jocotepec Jal

Soledad Nabarro gives thanks to the Lord of the Mount for a granted favor. February 3, 1949. Jocotepec, Jal.

Ex-Voto Figure 2.

Lord of the Mount/El Señor del Monte 

Attributed to: Hipolito Bielmas G. Jocotepec, Jalisco. September 1, l959.

Oil on tin. 7 ⅛ x 7 ¼”.  NMSU Art Gallery Collection #1966.5.137.

Donor:  Mr. C. Andrew Sutherland.

Description:

El Señor del Monte appears in the center of this composition. His face reveals his suffering on the cross dominated by illumined rays streaming from the figure. Esther Hernandez, dressed in red and veiled in black, offers her thanks for the curing of her grandchild of infantile paralysis as she kneels in thanks before the apparition. The text in black is included below the image of the crucified Christ and on the right side of Esther Hernandez.

Transcription and Translation:

 [Soledad Nabarro] [da gracias al Sr. del Monte] [por un fabor concedido.] [Febrero, 3 de 1949] Jocotepec Jal

Soledad Nabarro gives thanks to the Lord of the Mount for a granted favor. February 3, 1949. Jocotepec, Jal.

Ex-Voto Figure 3.

Lord of the Mount/El Señor del Monte 

Signed and Dated: Hipolito Bielmas G. Jocotepec, Jalisco. August 5, 1952.

Oil on tin. 7 x 8”. NMSU Art Gallery Collection #1966.5.142. Donor: Mr. C. Andrew Sutherland

Description:

This composition is balanced between the supplicant on the lower left, Lord of the Mount in the upper center, and the text on the lower right. Maria de Jesus Macias kneels in a prayerful position, her face tilted toward Our Lord of the Mount appearing in billowing clouds and surrounded by emanating heavenly rays. She thanks the Lord for restoring her father’s health. The ex-voto is signed by Hipolito Bielmas G. in the upper right-hand corner.

Transcription and Translation:

[Sr. del Monte][ te doy infinitas][gracias por haberme][concedido la salud][de mi padre.][Agosto 5, l952 Maria de Jesus Macias]

            Hipolito Bielmas G (firmado)

Lord of the Mount I give infinite thanks for having granted my father’s health. August 5, l952 Maria de Jesus Macias

            Hipolito Bielmas G [signed on the upper right- hand corner]